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€14.00   (Taxes not incl.)

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As the current year of 2021 is the European Year of Rail and also marks the 80th anniversary of Renfe, we wish to dedicate the collection to the history of the railway so as to draw our customers closer to the evolution of one of mankind’s most important modes of transport.

The collection consists of 20 coins: 15 issued in 2021 and the other five, in 2022.

On the obverse, an image in colour of a Spanish high-speed train, the AVE. On top of the central image, the legend RENFE - AVE. Outside the image, devices reminiscent of different rails.

On the reverse of all the coins, inside a central circle, the legend HISTORIA DEL FERROCARRIL (HISTORY OF THE RAILWAY). Underneath, the value of the coin: €1.5 EURO. Outside the central circle, an image of a railway track.

Information about the Coin
Series History of Railways  
Year 2021  
Colour Yes  
Diameter (mm) 33  
Face Value (Euro) 1.5
Metal Cupronickel  
Weight (g) 15  
Maximum Mintage (units) 7,000  


Year of production: 1992

Country: Spain

Traction: Electricity AVE

Transport: Passengers

Total length: 200 m

Weight: 421.5 T

Top speed: 300 km/h

Engine power: 11,950 hp (8,800 kW)

Voltage: 25 kV 50 Hz AC and 3,000 V

The history of the Spanish railway changed direction in December 1987 when the government decided to link Madrid and Seville with a high-speed railway track, with  a track gauge of 1,435 mm and a length of 471 m. Later, Alstom was tasked with the construction of the trains that would deliver the service. In “indeformable M+8 R+M” formation, these trains had evolved from the SNCF TGV-Atlantique. Adapted to meet the needs of Spanish railways, their traction was concentrated in two driving heads; the intermediate trailers had shared bogies; top speed was 300 km/h; and seating capacity totalled 329, divided into three classes: club (38); preferential (78); and tourist (212), plus one place for passengers of limited mobility. There are eight autopilot three-phase   synchronous motors per set, attaining maximum power of 11,950 hp (8,800 kW).

The first of these trains was received by Renfe in November 1991, the full lot being assigned to Series 100-001-016. As the high-speed infrastructure had been completed in record time, the Madrid-Seville line, along with the trains belonging to this series, was inaugurated with a special journey for the authorities on April 14 1992. One week later, on April 21, the Spanish high-speed train, known as the AVE, made its commercial debut.

Once the service was under way, the speed was increased in some sections to 300 km/h, reducing travel time to two hours, 20 minutes. On April 23 1993, the 100-015 train reached a record speed of 356.8 km/h at pk 106/200, a straight section near Los Yébenes (Toledo).

From 2007 to 2009, the cars were refurbished: the seats were reupholstered and  each one was fitted with a 220 V socket. In 2011, Renfe awarded Alstom the contract to adapt the carsets belonging to Series 100-015-024 for the provision of international services between Spain and France. Totalling 10, these carsets were also fitted out to run at 1,500 V and the driver’s cab was equipped with the instruments necessary to operate with the French signalling and safety systems.