NAVIGATION - 17TH CENTURY GALLEON (SERIES IV)ID92890054
€16.94 (TAX incl.)
€14.00 (Taxes not incl.)
The F.N.M.T. - R.C.M. presents a new series of coins dedicated to recall the "History of Navigation". These series reproduce a selection of boats that, for one reason or another, have been relevant over time. It consists of twenty coins. Four of them are put into circulation in 2018 and the remaining 16 in 2019.To collect them, you can purchase the book "History of Navigation" (art. 92887050), which describes the technical characteristics of each of the boats.
Special launching offer! With the purchase of the first four coins (Phoenician Combat Ship, Drakkar Scandinavo, Spanish Navy and Juan Sebastian de Elcano School Ship), we will send you the collection book-case free of charge (art. 32887050).
On the obverse, in the central area, a detail of the work entitled "Renaissance. Galleons XVII century according to engravings. Paintings, drawings and descriptions of the time. Dutch galleon and Castilian galleon ", which is preserved in the Naval Museum of Madrid. In the upper left, the legend GALEÓN ESPAÑOL SIGLO XVII. In the lower part, the legend ESPAÑA and the year of minting 2019.
On the reverse (common to all the pieces), the face value of the coin 1.5 EURO and the inscription HISTORY OF THE NAVIGATION appear. Out of the central circle there are six dolphins jumping, counter clockwise, on the same aquatic motifs that appear in the obverses.
|Series||History Of Navigation|
|Face Value (Euro)||1.5|
|Maximum Mintage (units)||10,000|
SPANISH GALLEON. SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
Period: From the sixteenth to the seventeenth centuries.
Length: Length-to-beam ratio 3.2:3.5.
Weaponry: Typical artillery: 13 cannons per side on the first deck, 12 on the second, three per side on the poop deck and four per side on the upper deck.
Description: Taking its name from the term galley, the vessel started to be known as the Spanish galleon in the sixteenth century.
The shapes of the bows were taken from the galleys and their round stern or monkey’s bum, later flattened into the shape of a violin, with increasing floating heights as the vessel evolved through history, thereby gaining an advantage when fighting potential enemies. Its design was strongly influenced by the need to adapt to the River Guadalquivir in Seville, passage through the Barra de Sanlúcar and the hazardous naval station at San Juan de Ulúa in Veracruz.
The first reference to this type of vessel dates back to 1509 in Oran, where a 144-tonne galleon with a scant crew of 19 men was registered. In 1540, we find galleons ranging between 300 and 500 tonnes and in the same year, entries between the Crown and Álvaro de Bazán (The Elder) of “some newly-invented galleons”: the San Pedro and the San Pablo, coming in at 600 and 700 tonnes respectively. A decade later, Bazán himself undertook to build three standard galleons and three “newly-invented” ones, all with a displacement of "2,000 tonnes".
By the end of the seventeenth century, it was still not clear whether the galleys were merchantmen or warships as it depended on the mission they were undertaking. In any event, they were always fitted with self-defence equipment (battery of cannons) and gradually made way for the ship of the line. In 1732, Felipe V issued a command whereby the heavy galleons were to be replaced by what were known as unregistered vessels.
Key events: The fleets of galleons, protected by armed contingents against the constant threat of pirates and privateers, played an essential role in ensuring the continuation of trade with the Indies, carrying all nature of merchandise on their outbound journey and returning with precious metals and other goods from the newly-found lands. The South Sea or Pacific Ocean Route was covered by the galleon commonly known as the Manila-Acapulco, which kept that name until this vital passage was used no more, although at times the vessels undertaking this voyage were not necessarily galleons.