HISTORY OF NAVIGATION - SECOND ISSUEID32897050
€56.00 (Taxes not incl.)
The Royal Mint of Spain presents a new series of coins dedicated to the "History of Navigation".
These series reproduce a selection of vessels that, for one reason or another, have been relevant over time.
It consists of twenty coins.
Four of them were launched in 2018 and the remaining sixteen in 2019, in four issues.
The second issue is made up of the following coins:
Greek War Trireme, Spanish Oiler Patiño, Spanish Cruiser Carlos V and Chinese Sampan.
|Series||History of Navigation|
|Maximum Mintage (units)||10,000|
History of Navigation - Second Issue
GREEK WAR TRIRREME
Period: From the sixth century BC to the fourth century AD.
Length: Between 35 and 40 m Beam: Between 3.5 and 6 m Draught: 1.5 m.
Propulsion: Oars and sails combined.
Weaponry: Ram and the crew’s hand-held weapons.
Description: As a warship, the trireme evolved from previous vessels, above all the pentekontor, which was smaller and fell into disuse as the trireme gained more prominence towards the late sixth century BC. Initially used as a trading vessel, it was armed, ready to act in the event of war and later served to protect trade, transport troops and attack enemy cities. Losing ground to the quinquereme in the fourth century BC, the trireme returned to the fore when Rome held sway over the Mediterranean. It would remain in use until the fourth century AD.
Period: Fifteenth to nineteenth centuries.
Length: Approx.30 m Beam: Approx. 8 m.
Propulsion: Sails and oars.
Weaponry: Generally small-calibre artillery (snaphaunce muskets, demi-culverins, falconets). Less commonly, larger weapons of the ladle-type. Rigging: Two masts, the foremast leaning heavily towards the bow. Sails of fine matting, with multiple, trapezium-shaped spinnakers, the upper side attached to a lateen yard raised on the mast, and the halyard at one third of the length of the lateen yard. One row of oars per side.
Description: Common in China and Japan, the Chinese coast guard cutter is a variation on the sampan, a boat which is smaller than the junk. Designed for both coastal waters and even for use as a riverboat, this cutter was usually lighter than the sampan.
ARMORED CRUISER CARLOS V
Period: Nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Length: 116 m Beam: 20.8 m Height: 12.35 m Draught: 7.8 m.
Propulsion: Two triple-expansion engines (100 rpm) and 12 cylindrical boilers.
Weaponry: Cannons, machine guns and torpedo launchers.
Description: Built in Cádiz at the shipyards of Vea Mugía en Cádiz, this ship owes its existence to the 1888 Naval Plan of Rodríguez de Arias, who commissioned civil shipyards to build military naval vessels. The only one of its kind, it was delivered to the Spanish Royal Navy on June 2 1897 and was finally decommissioned on December 5 1931. It was scrapped in 1933. At full load, this armoured cruiser had a displacement of 10,066 tonnes.
REPLENISHMENT OILER “PATIÑO”
Period: Commissioned in the Spanish Royal Navy since June 16 1994.
Length: 165.84 m Beam: 23.7 m Draught: 8 m.
Propulsion: Two Bazán/Burmeister&Wain diesel engines, 24,000 HP.
Weaponry: Two 20 mm/85c Oerlikon cannons; two 12.7 mm Browning machine guns; six chaff launchers.
Description: The result of cooperation between the War Marine Corps of Spain and Holland and between the NAVANTIA Shipyards and the Royal Schelde Naval Shipyards, where the Amsterdam was built at the same time. Named after José Patiño Rosales, father of today’s Spanish Royal Navy and Secretary of State for the Navy and the Indies under King Philip V, the vessel has a displacement at full load of 17,045 tonnes. It is fitted with two Decca 2690 navigation radars, together with TACAN (Tactical Air Navigation System) URN-25 A equipment with which to assist its aircraft. With a maximum speed of 22 knots, its autonomy is 13,440 miles at 20 knots.