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HISTORY OF NAVIGATION - FIFTH ISSUEID32897054

HISTORY OF NAVIGATION - FIFTH ISSUE

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The Royal Mint of Spain presents a series of coins dedicated to the "History of Navigation".

These series reproduce a selection of vessels that, for one reason or another, have been relevant over time.

It consists of twenty coins.
Four of them were launched in 2018 and the remaining sixteen in 2019, in four issues.

The fifth issue is made up of the following coins:
18th century Spanish Xebec, Spanish Schooner, Submarine Galerna and BIO Hesperides.
Information about the Coin
Series History of Navigation  
Year 2019  
Colour Yes  
Maximum Mintage (units) 10,000  

History of Navigation - Fith Issue


SPANISH XEBEC. EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
Period: Eighteenth century.
Beam-to-length ratio: 1:4.
Propulsion: Cannons.
Weaponry: Cannons.
Description: A typically Mediterranean vessel, the xebec belongs to the galley family, starting out as a fishing boat to be used later by the Barbary pirates in their raids of other ships and in their razias or attacks on the Christian coasts of the Mediterranean.

SUBMARINE GALERNA
Period: Twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Length: 67.57m Beam: 6.8 m Maximum draught: 5.4 m.
Propulsion: Diesel/electric.
Weaponry: Four torpedo launcher tubes on the bow, with a stowage capacity for 16 weapons more (torpedoes or mines).
Description: The Galerna submarine is the first of a series of four units built at the factory of Empresa Nacional Bazán, now Navantia, in Cartagena.

OCEANOGRAPHIC RESEARCH VESSEL HESPÉRIDES
Period: From 1991 to the present day.
Length: 82.5 m Beam: 14 m.
Propulsion: Two INDAL electric engines, 1,400 kW.
Scientific equipment: Sensors, probes, bubble gun, passive hydrophones, deep-sea permeable probe, laboratories, weather station, refrigeration and freezing installations.
Description: The vessel was built at Navantia, the Cartagena factory of Empresa Nacional Bazán. Owned by Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas/CSIC (Higher Scientific Research Centre), it is managed and maintained by the Spanish Royal Navy at the Cartagena base. While its main mission is oceanographic research, it also acts as a logistic support vessel for Spanish scientific bases in the Antarctic; the Juan Carlos I (CSIC); and the Gabriel de Castilla (the Army).

SPANISH SCHOONER
Period: Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Length: 30 m Beam: Approx. one quarter or one fifth of the length.
Weaponry: Two to 18 cannons, normally 12.
Description: The schooner is a light vessel used mainly for exploration, the transport of mail and largely auxiliary tasks. As it has rigs in which the principal sails are set parallel to the keel, it was able to sail in all winds.